Short- and Long-Term Effects of Binge Drinking


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How quickly a’s body absorbs alcohol may depend on their sex, age, and body size. But it typically takes four or more standard drinks for women and five or more standard drinks for men to reach a BAC of 0.08% during a 2-hour binge drinking period. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking alcohol, typically within a 2-hour period, which brings a person’s BAC to 0.08% or higher.

Binge Drinking

Alterations in activation, cytotoxic capacity and trafficking profile of peripheral CD8 T cells in young adult binge drinkers. The systemic effects of chronic binge alcohol consumption and the principal organ systems affected. Reducing the impact of binge drinking on society, though, will need recognizing the scope of the problem and addressing it with alcohol taxes, alcohol advertising guidelines, and reasonable restrictions on availability of alcohol. In addition to alcohol dependency and addiction, heavy drinkers are at higher risk of depression, anxiety, and psychosis. A single night of binge drinking has a number of other effects, especially at higher amounts.

  • You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.
  • Hingson RW, Zha W, Weitzman ER. Magnitude of and trends in alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U.S. college students ages 18–24, 1998–2005.
  • Although moderate drinking still requires the liver to process alcohol, the speed at which alcohol enters your system when you drink in moderation is more manageable for the liver.
  • “Excessive drinking draining the U.S. economy.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Over time, it will also take more alcohol to get the same effects.

Individuals, especially young adults, who binge drink are at an increased risk for economic, educational, and social adversity in adult life. Additionally, individuals who are continuously exposed to high amounts of alcohol are more likely to develop an addiction or alcohol use disorder, criminal conviction, and lower socioeconomic status. In other words, the more often an individual binge drinks, the more likely they are to experience adverse effects on their social life. Some binge drinkers only drink once a week; others even less frequently.

Drinking on College Campuses

binge drinking effects drinking can lead to vascular diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Digestive problems and liver disease are also potential long-term health risks that binge drinkers face. The number of people who binge drink continues to increase each year. Even with research studies and information about the dangers of excessive drinking, alcohol is still frequently viewed as a fun pastime. Although binge drinking is not alcoholism or alcohol dependency, it can be just as risky.


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